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6th International Conference on Biochemistry, will be organized around the theme “”

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Biochemistry is mostly dependent on the interactions of smaller molecules and ions that take place inside of cells and deals with the structures, functions, and interactions of biological macromolecules that define the structure of cells. Because biochemistry encompasses a broad range of scientific fields, including forensics, molecular biology, genetics, plant science, and medicine, it has seen a lot of innovative research and difficult research projects over the past 100 years.

It supports and encompasses cutting-edge disciplines like molecular genetics and bioengineering. Furthermore, only biochemistry offers instruction and research in genetic engineering as well as protein structure and function

Clinical biochemistry is the study of the body's chemical and biochemical processes in connection with disease, primarily through the examination of bodily fluids such blood, urine, and other bodily fluids. It is accomplished by conducting and verifying chemical and biological analysis results. In comparison to data from healthy individuals, biochemical tests are made to find these changes qualitatively or quantitatively. Molecular diagnostics, enzyme activity measurements, spectrophotometry, electrophoresis, separating molecules based on physical properties, and immunoassays are only a few of the many analytical methods used in clinical biochemistry.

Glycoproteomics is a special branch of proteomics that identifies, catalogs, and characterizes carbohydrate containing proteins after the completion of post-translational modification. Protein expression is the process in which proteins synthesis, regulation and modification occurs in living organisms. Analysis of wide range of structurally diverse proteins by genomic technologies and due to increasing complexity in disease targets, innovative approaches for the purification, expression and characterisation of recombinant proteins has increased over years.

Protein expression is the biotechnological procedure of generating a specific protein. It is achieved by the manipulation of gene expression in an organism such that it expresses large amounts of a recombinant gene. This contains the transcription of the recombinant DNA to messenger RNA (mRNA), the translation of mRNA into polypeptide chains, which are ultimately folded into functional proteins and may be targeted to exact sub cellular or extracellular locations.

Bio-organic chemistry is a rapidly growing scientific area that combines biochemistry and organic chemistry and deals with the study of biological methods using chemical processes. Many bio organic chemists are carrying out chemical and molecular approaches in research areas comprising the application of synthetic and physical organic chemistry for the study of enzymes, metabolic pathways and nucleic acids

The process that living cells use to obtain, transform, and store energy from nutrients involves a sophisticated web of chemical processes that take place inside the cell. This process is known as metabolic biochemistry. With the aid of enzymes, the metabolic chemical reactions are carried out in a set order known as the metabolic route. Academic fields including bioenergetics, nutritional biochemistry, and clinical organic chemistry are born from this. A biological system can contain particles that are metabolic intermediates and auxiliary metabolites. The processing framework is the organisation of science and tactics committed to a thorough investigation of the framework.

Pharmaceutical biochemistry integrates chemistry and biochemistry knowledge to the creation of numerous beneficial medications. The drug discovery and development process is the focus of the pharmaceutical biochemistry's research activities, which serve as an interface between pharmaceutical chemistry, biochemistry, structural biology, computational chemistry, and biopharmaceutics. It offers a thorough grasp of every molecular level chemical activity connected to and occurring in live cells that is related to drug action. Gaining knowledge of the negative effects, molecular targets, and characterisation of medications or other chemical substances inside of living cells & organisms is also beneficial.

Biochemistry, sometimes known as structural biochemistry, is the study and synthesis of some common principles in living creatures. It combines biology, physics, and chemistry. The primary goal of biochemists is to provide organising principles that make up life in all of its various forms by describing mechanisms, molecular structure, and chemical processes shared by all creatures.

Science is applied to criminal and civil laws through forensic biochemistry and science. Throughout an investigation, forensic scientists gather, store, and examine experimental evidence. While some forensic scientists travel to the scene of the crime to gather the evidence firsthand, others work in a lab setting and conduct their analyses on items that other people have provided to them.


The study of numerous synthetic reactions occurring in an animal's body to maintain its life is known as animal biochemistry. Understanding an animal's inherent chemistry is essential to comprehending how they digest food. The importance of animal chemistry research for veterinary science and animal husbandry can therefore be seen. system and capacity of living things in health and disease. Animal nutrition, dairy science, pharmacology, animal physiology, animal genetics, clinical pathology, medicine, and other applied sciences are all relevant to animal biochemistry study.


The content of proteins, peptides, and other biological or pharmacological preparations can be found by using the biochemical method known as amino acid analysis. This is a useful tool for calculating protein amounts and providing detailed information on the makeup of amino acids and free amino acids. Researchers have made many noteworthy and difficult advances to the field of amino acid analysis, including chiral recognition.
The nucleic acid RNA, which is the primary component of plants, viruses, and animals' cells, is essential for all cellular operations, including decoding the genome, mediating molecular connections, controlling gene expression, and catalysing chemical reactions. The field of RNA biology encompasses all aspects of RNA research, including transcription, splicing, non-coding RNA, and post-transcriptional modifications.
They have an energy level that is more than twice as high as proteins and carbohydrates when compared on a weight basis, making them one of the most efficient kinds of development assistance. Infant mortality and malnutrition rates can be decreased by breastfeeding, and initiatives to encourage the practise raise those numbers.
All multicellular organisms have stem cells, which are the cells that develop first. In mice in 1981 and in people in 1998, they were isolated. Mammals have two main types of stem cells: adult stem cells, which are present in various tissues, and embryonic stem cells, which are restricted to the inner cell mass of blastocysts. A promising form of cell therapy known as stem cell therapy involves introducing new cells into adult bodies to treat ailments like diabetes, cancer, neurological problems, and other illnesses. Tissue that has been harmed by disease or ageing can be repaired using stem cells. The subject of tissue regeneration and organ replacement has emerged as one that is now fast increasing and has the ability to address the issue of the global organ scarcity. In a stem cells can differentiate into all the many types of cells necessary for producing life. The normal turnover of regenerative organs like blood, skin, or intestinal tissues is also maintained by ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm.

The science of nanotechnology deals with the creation, investigation and utilization of systems that are 1000 times smaller than the components currently used in the field of microelectronics. Biotechnology deals with metabolic process with microorganisms. Convergence of these two technologies results in growth of nanotechnology in Biochemistry. The biomedical applications of nanotechnology are the direct products of such convergences. The challenges facing by the scientists and engineers working in the field of nanotechnology are quite enormous and extraordinarily complex in nature. Nanotechnology in biochemistry presents many revolutionary opportunities in the fight against all kinds of cancer, cardiac and neurodegenerative disorders, infection and other diseases. Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) & the University of California at Berkeley are combining nanotechnology with biochemistry, which resulted in discovery of unique synthetic membranes that enable them to directly control signaling activity in living T cells from the immune system. In this way nanotechnology and biochemistry will definitely bring out many challenging research works in the upcoming day

The process by which genetic instructions are utilised to create gene products is known as gene expression. These are typically proteins, which go on to serve important roles as receptors, hormones, and enzymes. Therefore, a cell's capabilities are determined by the hundreds of genes that are expressed in that cell. Furthermore, the cell has the potential to regulate itself by controlling the quantity and kind of proteins it produces at each stage of the information flow from DNA to RNA to protein.
The term "genetic engineering" refers to the direct modification of DNA to change an organism's characteristics in a specific way. The process of manually introducing additional DNA into an organism is known as genetic engineering. The objective is to enhance one or more novel features.

The field of xenobiotic investigates the metabolic behaviour of substances whose chemical structures do not correspond to the predictable animal absorption patterns. They are unusual chemicals, non-existent in nature, or secondary metabolites of other species. Because of the potential therapeutic benefits as well as potential safety concerns, the branch of science known as pharmacology explores how  xenobiotic  affect organism cell function (drugs).

Analysing the chemicals that are necessary for living things to interact is known as chemical ecology. Its emphasis is on the production of and response to signalling atoms, signalling molecules (such as semiochemicals), and toxins. Chemical ecology is a communication mechanism that is crucial to social organisation of ants and other social insects, such as wasps, honey bees, and termites.

Understanding the biochemical mechanisms of cancer cells is very helpful. The biochemical programme of quantitative and qualitative imbalance helps us better understand how cancer cells evolve. Numerous American institutions, including the Mayo Clinic, the University of Colorado, and many others, are working in this area to produce the difficult outcomes.

Biochemistry plays a major role in drug discovery and therapeutics.  Biochemical skills are required for monitoring drug metabolism routes, pharmacokinetic analysis and drug safety testing. Biochemists are also contributing to the Computational chemistry, structural analysis and other methods to predict drug binding and lead compounds in drug discovery and therapeutics

The process by which animals and plants grow and develop is the subject of developmental biology. In addition to regeneration, asexual reproduction, metamorphosis, and the expansion and differentiation of stem cells in the adult organism, developmental biology also includes these biological processes. Understanding typical developmental processes can help one better comprehend cancer and other diseases like it as well as developmental anomalies

Sequencing of the Next Generation The process of using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology to modify various facets of biological and medical research is revealed by data analysis, and it necessitates a methodical and clever technique to access the data effectively. RNA-seq, ChIP-seq, and variant identification are the three most popular uses of NGS data analysis technologies.


The theory, methods, and approach utilised to research the physical chemistry of biomolecules are all covered within the subfield of biochemistry known as physical biochemistry. It also covers mathematical methods for modelling biological systems and analysing biochemical reactions. It sheds light on macromolecule structure and how a biological substance's chemical structure affects its physical qualities.